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Basic information about Luxembourg

  • As a parliamentary monarchy, Luxembourg is an independent state ruled by a Grand Duke. It is the world’s only grand duchy.
  • Luxembourg borders Belgium, Germany and France.
  • Luxembourg regularly ranks amongst the safest cities in the world.
  • Luxembourg is a founder Member State of the EU and one of its 3 headquarters; several important EU bodies are based in Luxembourg.
  • The country has three official languages: Luxembourgish, French and German. English is widely spoken.
  • Luxair, the national airline, has flights to the majority of European hubs. Luxembourg Airport is only ten minutes by car from the city centre.
  • CFL, the national rail company, offers connections to many European Cities.
  • There are UNESCO World Heritage-listed locations or events in Luxembourg – the fortifications of Luxembourg City’s old town, Edward Steichen’s The Family of Man permanent photography exhibition in Clervaux, the Echternach Hopping Procession, the UNESCO Geopark Mullerthal and the Minett Biosphere Reserve.
  • Luxembourg has a wide variety of accommodation options: 1- to 5-star hotels, youth hostels, campsites and holiday apartments.
  • The Schengen Agreement (which abolished border controls for people) lends its name to a small Moselle wine-growing village called Schengen, where the agreement was signed in 1985.
  • 645,000

    Luxembourg is one of Europe’s smallest countries: its population is just over 645,000, of whom 48% are foreign nationals.

  • 125,000

    Luxembourg City, the capital, is home to just 125,000 inhabitants. It is an cosmopolitan city with contemporary architecture and a history dating back to 963 AD.

  • Free

    Public transport in Luxembourg has been free since 2020.

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